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Minecraft has many qualities that assisted it to turn into a gaming phenomenon: ever-expanding environments to explore, the freedom to craft complex things from simple materials. But one of my favorite aspects of Minecraft is how easy it’s to host your own Minecraft server. With only a Windows computer, a decent internet connection (with a static IP), and some computer knowledge, anyone can build a private world for a few friends to share.

Make your own world

Minecraft Server relies on Java, so you can start by being sure you have the latest version of Java 7 installed on your machine. Once you are sure on that, download Minecraft_Server.exe from Minecraft.net and save it into a folder, like C:\MinecraftServer.

Go on and run the server application, which can bring up a simple interface window. Don’t stress about any “missing file” warnings, those are normal for the first run. Once the series of “Preparing spawn area” messages is finished by a line that says “Done,” type “stop” within the text field and press Enter.

Your new Minecraft world has been created! Now it’s time to configure it.The files created by a Minecraft server

How to customize the server settings

Within the directory in which you saved Minecraft_Server.exe you’ll want to see two files named “server,” one of these will be listed as a PROPERTIES file when you hover your mouse cursor over it. Right click this file and choose Edit to open it in notepad. You’ll see a list of server settings followed by an equals sign and a value. By changing the values you can configure a number of things concerning your Minecraft world. Luckily, the majority of the default settings ought to be fine, but there are some things that you need to think about altering.

The gamemode and difficulty options are simple for determining what sort of experience you would like your players to have. The default gamemode setting is 0, which produces a survival server. In survival, players have to gather their own resources, endure damage from enemies, and contend with hunger – it’s what you probably think of when you think about playingMinecraft. Changing the setting to 1 enables creative mode, which means that players take no damage and can fly around placing and destroying blocks instantly. If all you want to do is build, this is the mode for you.

If you so happen to choose to go a more standard survival route, you can configure the difficulty setting from 1 (Easy) to 3 (Hard) to make the game’s enemy mobs more or less of a threat. If you want to remove enemies from the world completely, change the setting to 0 (Peaceful).

Setting white-list=true is an excellent way to ensure your server gets populated by only friends and family, and not potentially griefers. Once started up, no one but the users you approve will be allowed to connect and play.

If you want to dig into each and every setting listed, check out the Minecraft Wiki page to read up on them all. Once you’re happy with the server.properties settings, make sure to click File-Save before closing the file.

Setup your white-list and ops list

In your Minecraft server folder, you will see another file known as the white-list, right click it and select Edit, this will open a totally blank text file. The very first player you should  add is yourself, so type your Minecraft username in to the top line. Your username is going to be what you had registered with when you first purchased the overall game, and is identical factor you utilize to log in the regular Minecraft client.

Minecraft-Server-White-List

Once you’ve entered your username, click Enter to jump down a single line, and begin adding your friend’s usernames, each and every on its own line. As soon as you’re done click File-close and Save out of the white-list.

Your Minecraft server folder contains another special list called “ops,” which you add usernames to the same way you did for the whitelist. The difference is that anyone on the op (short for “Operator”) list will be able to execute moderator commands in-game. Since you’ll be in charge of this Minecraft world, you should definitely add yourself as an op. Add them as wellwell if you’ve got a trusted player or two who can handle the responsibility. See the “Learn to Op” below for details on exactly what ops can do

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